Sanskrit and English: Name: mula = root, source + adhara = support, vital part.
First Chakra: Muladhara is the first major charka within the system, located slightly beyond the base of the spine at the pelvic floor. Mooladhara chakra is the most basic charkra as it is considered to represent our animal instincts and personalities. It is also believed that Mooladhara chakra represents our basic impulses of sexuality. This chakra is said to be the divider between human consciousness and animal consciousness, representing humanities first step away from its animalistic nature. As mentioned earlier, each chakra represents a field of consciousness; Mooladhara is believed to represent the unconscious mind. An overactive Mooladhara chakra will express character traits such as anger, lust, greed, and fear. Biologically, Mooladhara chakra is believed to control the entire range of excretory and sexual functions.
Location: The perineum (above and between the anus and the genitals) is the center of the Sushumna pole (see Chakra Introduction link below). Just above that is the coccyx, at the base of the spine (tailbone is a word often used). The coccyx is in the lower back and is described as a triangular bone formed usually by fusion of the last 4 (sometimes 3 or 5) (coccygeal) vertebrae. It is connected to and just below the sacrum, which is where the second Chakra is located. The coccygeal plexus is a nerve plexus formed by the ventral branches of the coccygeal and 5th sacral nerve and by a communication from the 4th sacral nerve, giving off the annoccygeal nerves. The coccyx anchors the spinal cord at its core depth, so when it is out of alignment it can put stress on your entire nervous system. To help your coccyx stay aligned—which also helps this Chakra to not be blocked—choose exercises that lengthen your lower pelvic muscles. The lower muscles will then free your coccyx from unnecessary tension. The whole spinal cord rests upon this Chakra, and the spinal cord is the inner passage to higher planes of understanding. In fact, Kegel exercises are really good to loosen up this Chakra.
Color: The color red is a warm and positive color associated with our most physical needs and our will to survive. It exudes a strong and powerful masculine energy. Red is energizing. It excites the emotions and motivates us to take action. It signifies a pioneering spirit and leadership qualities, promoting ambition and determination. It is also strong-willed and can give confidence to those who are shy or lacking in willpower. Being the color of physical movement, the color red awakens our physical life force. It is the color of sexuality and can stimulate deeper and more intimate passions in us, such as love and sex on the positive side or revenge and anger on the negative. At its most positive it can create life with its sexual energy, or use its negative expression of anger and aggression to fuel war and destruction. The color red can stimulate the appetite, often being used in restaurants for this purpose. It also increases craving for food and other stimuli. Being surrounded by too much of the color red can cause us to become irritated, agitated and ultimately angry. Too little and we become cautious, manipulative and fearful.
Satvic: When one is dominated by their satvic nature while active in the mooladhara chakra one tends to be action oriented, filled with energy and speed, assertive and confident, stimulating, exciting, powerful, passionate, and driven, courageous and strong, spontaneous and determined. A satvic person connected with the first chakra realizes our oneness with the absolute and will have very deep feelings that “everything is all right and it is going as it should” which is actually total security.
Ragasic- When one is dominated by their rajasic nature while active in the mooladhara chakra they tend to be controlling and justify their needs to control as way to survive.
Tamasic: When one is dominated by their tamasic nature while active in the mooladhara chakra they tend to be aggressive and domineering, overbearing, tiring, angry, quick-tempered, ruthless, fearful and intolerant, rebellious, obstinate, resentful and violent
Gland: Adrenal – The adrenal glands are orange-colored endocrine glands which are located on the top of both kidneys. The adrenal glands are triangular shaped and measure about one-half inch in height and 3 inches in length. Each gland consists of a medulla (the center of the gland) which is surrounded by the cortex. The medulla is responsible for producing epinephrine and norepinephrine (adrenaline). The adrenal cortex produces other hormones necessary for fluid and electrolyte (salt) balance in the body such as cortisone and aldosterone. The adrenal cortex also makes sex hormones but this only becomes important if overproduction is present.
Tatwa: Earth Element – The Prithvi Tatwa is the basic element of earth, and is an expression of dullness, unawareness, attachment, and functions only from need and instinct. It mainly operates through our sense of smell. The foundation of the physical structure of the body – bones, skin, flesh, teeth and marrow – originate from this physical element of earth.
Asana: Standing Poses – Tadasana – Mountain, Adho Mukha Svanasana – Downward Facing Dog, Utkatasana – Chair Pose/Awkward Pose, Trikonasana – Triangle, Parsvottonasana – Pyramid Pose, Virabhadrasana One – Warrior One, Virabhadrasana Two – Warrior Two, Anjaneyasana – Lunge
Character Trait: Survival.
Bija Mantra: LAM – when sounded it creates a clock again our energy descending beneath our foundation and encourages concentration.
Symbol: This chakra is depicted as a four petal lotus with a square within. Within the square is a small triangle pointing downward from a column of energy representing the susumna nadi. Within the triangle is the Kundalini serpent wrapped around the Shiva lingam, which points upward. This chakra is the home and the resting place of Kundalini. Below the triangle is the seven trunked elephant, named Airavata, representing the heavy, matter-like quality of the chakra and the seven pathways out of it (one for every chakra). In the center of the square is the seed sound LAM.
Deity: The center’s deities are Brahma and Dakini. Brahma is the Lord of Creation and is depicted with having four heads, to symbolize the fact that he is all-knowing and can see in four directions at one. Each of his heads also represents the four forms of human consciousness: the physical, the rational, the emotional and the intuitive. Dakini is Brahma’s consort and combines the forces of the Creator, Preserver and the Destroyer. She embodies the revelation of Divine knowledge and the nectar of life (Amrita). Dakini is sometimes depicted riding on a fierce lion representing the lower human nature.
Sound Frequency – The Key of C
Emotional Dysfunction’s – Mental lethargy, “spaciness”, unfocused mind, incapable
of stillness, difficulty achieving goals, Lack of confidence,
Physical Dysfunction’s – Osteoarthritis
Associated Body Parts – bones, skeletal structure, colon & legs
Spiritual Lesson: During the first 7 years of development, we express ourselves through this seat of consciousness. Our interests revolve around being fed, nurtured and primarily surviving. The earth is being grasped as a new experience. The child must ground him/her self and establish the laws of their world. The main problem of the child, or adult acting from the first chakra motivation is violent behavior based on insecurity. As adults if we continue to express ourselves healthily through this seat of consciousness we are grounded yet highly motivated. We therefore have a good sense of our place in relation to the material world and feel secure within it. Limited expression through the base chakra is often reflected in insecurity when relating to the material world and may make us feel at odds or detached from our environment.
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